TADHAMUN تـضـامـن

Tadhamun (solidarity) is an Iraqi women organization, standing by Iraqi women's struggle against sectarian politics in Iraq. Fighting for equal citizenship across ethnicities and religions, for human rights, and gender equality.

جمعية تضامن تدعم المساواة في المواطنة بغض النظر عن الأنتماء الأثني أو الديني وتسعى من أجل العدالة الأجتماعية و حماية حقوق الأنسان في العراق

Tuesday, January 22, 2008

Britain 'as inept as the US' in failing to forsee postwar Iraq insurgency

Jonathan SteeleMonday January 21, 2008
The Guardian

The government's top foreign policy advisers were as inept as their US counterparts in failing to see that removing Saddam Hussein in 2003 was likely to lead to a nationalist insurgency by Sunnis and Shias and an Islamist government in Baghdad, run by allies of Iran, the Guardian has learned.
None of Whitehall's "Arabists" warned Tony Blair of the difficulties which have plagued the occupation. The revelation undermines the British claim that it was US myopia which was to blame for the failure to foresee what would happen in postwar Iraq.

"Everyone was unprepared for the aftermath," a former ambassador, who served in the region at the time, told the Guardian. "To my shame I was in the complacent camp [in the Foreign Office]. We underestimated the insurgency. I didn't hear anyone say, 'It'll be a disaster, and it'll all come unstuck'. People felt it was a leap in the dark but not that we were staring disaster in the face."

Privately, and in rare cases publicly, British ministers and officials have blamed the chaos of the occupation on blunders in Washington, pointing the finger particularly at Donald Rumsfeld, who was sacked as defence secretary in 2006. The Guardian's researches reveal that Britain's analysts were equally wrong.

Christopher Segar, who took part in Whitehall's Iraq Policy Unit's prewar discussions and later headed the British office in Baghdad immediately after the invasion, said: "The conventional view was that Iraq was one of the most Western-oriented of Arab states, with its British-educated, urban and secular professionals. I don't think anyone in London appreciated how far Islamism had gone."

Officials alone cannot be blamed. Ministers failed to ask serious questions. Blair never called on the experts for detailed analysis of the consequences of an invasion, officials say. He saw the war as Iraq's liberation and felt any postwar problems would pale in the face of Iraqi delight.
Opposition parties urged the government last year to authorise a full-scale independent inquiry into Whitehall's prewar discussions, but Blair refused to. Gordon Brown has taken the same line. The two men claim it would be wrong as long as British troops remain in Iraq.

The Conservatives will renew their calls for an inquiry in a House of Lords debate on Iraq on Thursday. The latest revelations are likely to increase pressure on the government. Lord Hurd, former foreign secretary, said last night: "Blair and his colleagues sent British troops to kill and be killed in Iraq without proper planning ... An inquiry is certainly needed to make sure this cannot happen again."

In the absence of a public inquiry, the Guardian interviewed a range of recently retired officials who now feel freer to talk about the crucial pre-invasion period.
Contrary to the conventional view that the occupation's problems stem mainly from failure to plan for postwar Iraq, they say there was plenty of planning, from how to react to mass refugee flows and a humanitarian crisis to the fallout from a sharp rise in the world price of oil. The real failure, they concede, was one of political analysis. Officials did not study how Iraqis would react to an occupation and what political forces would emerge on top once Saddam was removed.
One British diplomat who was based in the region and kept a special watch on the Shia Islamists admitted he did not foresee their postwar rise. "The issue of secularism versus religion was discussed but none of the leaders of Sciri seemed very strong," he said, referring to the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, a Shia grouping close to Iran. "I don't think anyone could have formed a view of the relative appeal of Sciri and [the other main Shia bloc] Dawa." He added that the maverick Shia cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, whose Mahdi army has constantly defied occupation forces "was unheard of". Yet in post-invasion Iraq the two Islamist groupings, Sciri and Dawa, became the biggest electoral parties. One reason for the weakness of British expertise was that, unlike France, Germany and Italy, Britain had not had an embassy in Baghdad since 1991, which meant fewer diplomats with direct knowledge of the country.

At the urging of Jack Straw, then foreign secretary, Blair held a brief meeting with six British academic specialists in November 2002. It was never repeated. Charles Tripp of the School of Oriental and African Studies, and author of the standard work, A History of Iraq, said that apart from this meeting in Downing Street, "I can't remember participating in any meaningful seminar on Iraq with the Foreign Office."

الملف – لندن
كشفت صحيفة الغارديان أن كبار مستشاري وزارة الخارجية البريطانية فشلوا مثل الامريكيين في توقع احتمال أن تقود الاطاحة بنظام صدام حسين الى اندلاع تمرد وطني من قبل السنة والشيعة وصعود حكومة اسلامية يديرها حلفاء ايران في بغداد.

ورأت الصحيفة أن هذا الكشف يقوّض الرواية البريطانية التي تحمّل الولايات المتحدة مسؤولية الفشل في توقع ما سيحدث خلال مرحلة ما بعد الحرب في العراق بسبب قصر نظرها، ويؤكد بأن المسؤولين البريطانيين المستعربين لم يحذّروا رئيس الوزراء السابق طوني بلير من المصاعب المترتبة علي الاحتلال.
ونسبت الي سفير بريطاني سابق خدم في المنطقة أثناء غزو العراق قوله لم يكن أحد مستعداً لمرحلة ما بعد صدام حسين.. ولم اسمع أحداً يتوقع حدوث كارثة وشعر الجميع بأن ما حدث يمثل نقلة الى الظلام وليس اثارة كارثة .

وقالت ان بلير لم يطلب أبداً من الخبراء في حكومته وضع تحليلات تفصيلية بشأن مضاعفات الغزو واعتبر الحرب بمثابة تحرير للعراق وشعر بأن مشاكل مرحلة ما بعد الحرب ستذوب في وجه الفرحة العراقية، لكنه اضطر نتيجة اصرار وزير الخارجية وقتها جاك سترو الي عقد اجتماع مقتضب مع ستة أكاديميين بريطانيين متخصصين في تشرين الثاني (نوفمبر) 2002 لبحث مضاعفات الحرب.

ونسبت الى تشارلز تريب من كلية الدراسات الشرقية والأفريقية (سواس) الذي شارك في الاجتماع قوله لا اذكر أنني شاركت في أية جلسة ذات مغزى حول العراق مع وزارة الخارجية البريطانية .

واضافت الصحيفة أن المسؤولين البريطانيين حمّلوا في مجالسهم الخاصة ما وصفوها بالأخطاء الفاضحة في واشنطن مسؤولية الفوضى التي سببها الاحتلال ووجهوا أصابعهم بشكل خاص الى دونالد رامسفيلد وزير الدفاع الامريكي السابق الذي عُزل من منصبه في العام 2006.
وقالت ان أحزاب المعارضة البريطانية طالبت الحكومة العام الماضي بفتح تحقيق شامل ومستقل بشأن حرب العراق لكن بلير رفض وكرر خلفه غوردن براون هذا الموقف، مشيرة الي أن حزب المحافظين المعارض سيجدد الخميس مطالبة الحكومة العمالية بفتح تحقيق في مجلس اللوردات.

وأشارت الصحيفة الى أن اللورد دوغلاس هيرد وزير الخارجية الأسبق بحكومة المحافظين اتهم بلير ووزراءه بارسال الجنود البريطانيين الى العراق كي يَقتلوا ويُقتلوا ومن دون تخطيط لائق لذلك، وشدد على أن التحقيق مطلوب لضمان عدم وقوع مثل هذا الأمر مرة أخرى

Petition sign and circulate:

Release Iraqi women hostages, victims of terrorism themselves

بعيدا عن الوطن؛ حراك التضامن مع الوطن فنا، شعرا وكتابةً
Away from Home; Memory, Art and women solidarity: you are invited to an evening of poetry and music 22/3/2017 18:30 at P21 Gallery London click here for more details
Public meeting at The Bolivar Hall, London Sat.14/5/2016 at 15:00 IDPs : Fragmentation of Cultural and National Identity


Protest the suffering of Iraqi Christians: No to terrorism No to state terrorism.Hands off our minorities. Hands off our people. Shame on the human rights violators on all sides. Assemble 11:30 on 28/7/14 near Parliament Square, near Westminister tube station London. For more past events click here


Useful links

Halt All Executions! Abolish The Death Penalty!

We women of Tadhamun condemn the persisting practice of arbitrary arrests by the Iraqi security forces. We condemn their arrests of women in lieu of their men folk. These are 'inherited' practices. We are alarmed by credible media reports of the Green Zone government’s intentions of executing hundreds of Iraqi men and women.

For more info click here

Professor Zaineb Al Bahrani of Columbia University NY speaking at a our meeting on the destruction/damage to historical sites in Iraq

On youtube: Part1
Part 3
One more video:

Human Rights Watch: No woman is Safe


Articles published on this site do not necessarily reflect the opinion of WSIUI or its members

المقالات المنشورة على هذا الموقع لا تعكس بالضرورة آراء منظمتنا أو أعضاء منظمتنا

Samarra Minrate built in 852 AD

Samarra Minrate built in 852 AD
Building of 1 500 massive police station !
From the angle of the photo, it is possible to calculate that the complex is being built at E 396388 N 3785995 (UTM Zone 38 North) or Lat. 34.209760° Long. 43.875325°, to the west of the Malwiya (Spiral Minaret), and behind the Spiral Cafe.
While the point itself may not have more than Abbasid houses under the ground, it is adjacent to the palace of Sur Isa, the remains of which can be seen in the photo. While the initial construction might or might not touch the palace, accompanying activities will certainly spread over it.Sur Isa can be identified with the palace of al-Burj, built by the
Abbasid Caliph al-Mutawakkil, probably in 852-3 (Northedge, Historical Topography of Samarra, pp 125-127, 240). The palace is said to have cost 33 million dirhams, and was luxurious. Details are given by al-Shabushti, Kitab al-Diyarat.
Samarra was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO at the end of June. The barracks could easily have been built elsewhere, off the archaeological site.--
Alastair Northedge Professeur d'Art et d'Archeologie Islamiques UFR d'Art et d'Archeologie
Universite de Paris I (Pantheon-Sorbonne) 3, rue Michelet, 75006 Paris
tel. 01 53 73 71 08 telecopie : 01 53 73 71 13 Email :
Alastair.Northedge@univ-paris1.fr ou anorthedge@wanadoo.fr