TADHAMUN تـضـامـن

Tadhamun (solidarity) is an Iraqi women organization, standing by Iraqi women's struggle against sectarian politics in Iraq. Fighting for equal citizenship across ethnicities and religions, for human rights, and gender equality.

جمعية تضامن تدعم المساواة في المواطنة بغض النظر عن الأنتماء الأثني أو الديني وتسعى من أجل العدالة الأجتماعية و حماية حقوق الأنسان في العراق

Wednesday, June 18, 2008

Annual UNHCR figures show continuing climb in number of uprooted

LONDON, June 17 (UNHCR) – UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres expressed concern Tuesday about the growing number of refugees worldwide after an annual survey said there were 11.4 million refugees and 26 million others displaced internally by conflict or persecution at the end of 2007.
"After a five-year decline in the number of refugees between 2001 and 2005, we have now seen two years of increases, and that's a concern," Guterres said in London, announcing the results of UNHCR's annual Global Trends report after kicking off activities in Trafalgar Square to mark World Refugee Day on June 20.
"We are now faced with a complex mix of global challenges that could threaten even more forced displacement in the future. They range from multiple new conflict-related emergencies in world hotspots to bad governance, climate-induced environmental degradation that increases competition for scarce resources, and extreme price hikes that have hit the poor the hardest and are generating instability in many places."
The 2007 Global Trends report says the number of refugees under UNHCR's responsibility rose from 9.9 to 11.4 million by the end of last year. According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, the global number of people affected by conflict-induced internal displacement increased from 24.4 million to 26 million. UNHCR currently provides protection or assistance directly or indirectly to 13.7 million of them – up from 12.8 million in 2006.
The number of refugees and internally displaced people (IDP) under UNHCR's care rose by 2.5 million last year, reaching an unprecedented 25.1 million by year's end. The statistics come from more than 150 countries.
The report also lists other categories of concern to UNHCR, including stateless people, asylum seekers, returned refugees, returned internally displaced and "others." In all, it lists 31.7 million people entitled to UNHCR support, excluding 4.6 million Palestinian refugees helped by the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
The Global Trends report distinguishes between refugees – those who flee across international borders to escape persecution and conflict – and IDPs who are forced from their homes but remain uprooted within their own countries. When it began work in 1951, UNHCR's mandate was limited to finding solutions for the world's refugees. In recent decades, however, it has also been tasked to work with other UN agencies to help IDPs fleeing from conflict.
Among refugees, the new report notes that Afghans (around 3 million, mainly in Pakistan and Iran) and Iraqis (around 2 million, mainly in Syria and Jordan) accounted for nearly half of all refugees under UNHCR's care worldwide in 2007, followed by Colombians (552,000) in a refugee-like situation, Sudanese (523,000) and Somalis (457,000). It says that much of the increase in refugees in 2007 was a result of the volatile situation in Iraq. The top refugee-hosting countries in 2007 included Pakistan, Syria, Iran, Germany and Jordan.
Among the internally displaced, the report cites up to 3 million people in Colombia (the figure used by the Constitutional Court); 2.4 million in Iraq; 1.3 million in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; 1.2 million in Uganda; and 1 million in Somalia. In all, it covers 13.7 million IDPs in 23 countries.
"In Iraq, with the sectarian divide and the lack of a comprehensive political solution, the number of internally displaced rose from 1.8 million at the start of the year to close to 2.4 million by the end of 2007," the report says, adding that other increases or new displacement situations were also reported in Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Chad, Sri Lanka and Yemen.
Some 647,200 individual applications for asylum or refugee status were submitted to governments and UNHCR offices in 154 countries last year – a 5 percent increase and the first rise in four years. The report says the increase can primarily be attributed to the large number of Iraqis seeking asylum in Europe.
By nationality, the individual claims included people from Iraq (52,000), Somalia (46,100), Eritrea (36,000), Colombia (23,200), Russian Federation (21,800), Ethiopia (21,600) and Zimbabwe (20,700). Top destination countries for individual asylum seekers were the United States, South Africa, Sweden, France, the United Kingdom, Canada and Greece.
Despite the increases in refugees and internally displaced people, it wasn't all bad news. "UNHCR's goal is to find lasting solutions for refugees," Guterres said. "Those solutions include voluntary repatriation once conditions in countries of origin allow; integration in countries of first asylum; or resettlement to a third country. We can report some progress in all these areas in 2007, but there's still a long way to go."
Some 731,000 refugees were able to go home under voluntary repatriation programmes in 2007, including to Afghanistan (374,000), Southern Sudan (130,700), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (60,000), Iraq (45,400) and Liberia (44,400). In addition, an estimated 2.1 million internally displaced people went home during the year.

Refugee resettlement referrals to third countries increased substantially in 2007, with UNHCR submitting 99,000 individuals for consideration by governments – the highest number in 15 years. Even so, less than 1 percent of the world's refugees are resettled by third countries.
By the end of the year, 75,300 refugees were admitted by 14 resettlement countries, including the United States (48,300), Canada (11,200), Australia (9,600), Sweden (1,800), Norway (1,100) and New Zealand (740). By nationality, the main beneficiaries of resettlement were refugees from Myanmar, Burundi, Somalia, Iraq, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Afghanistan.
The year also saw a decline of some 3 million people who had been considered stateless, primarily as a result of new legislation in Nepal providing citizenship to approximately 2.6 million people, as well as changes in Bangladesh. It is estimated that there are some 12 million stateless people worldwide.

الملف – لندن

المفوض العليا لشؤون اللاجئين التابعة للأمم المتحدة من تنامى عدد اللاجئين فى العالم، وكشفت بأن عدد هؤلاء بلغ فى نهاية العام الماضى 11.4 مليون لاجئ فضلاً عن 26 مليون شخص هُجّروا داخلياً بفعل الأزمات أو الإضطهاد.

وقالت المفوضية فى تقريرها السنوى الجديد الذى اصدرته فى لندن الثلاثاء إن اللاجئين الأفغان البالغ عددهم نحو 3 ملايين لاجئ ويقيم معظمهم فى باكستان وإيران، واللاجئين العراقيين البالغ عددهم نحو 2 مليون لاجئ ويقيم معظمهم فى سورية والأردن "يشكلون نصف عدد اللاجئين الذين قدمت لهم وكالة اللاجئين الرعاية عام 2007، يليهم اللاجئون الكولومبيون "552 ألف لاجئ"، ثم السودانيون "523 ألف لاجئ"، والصوماليون "457 ألف لاجئ".

واشار تقرير المفوضية إلى أن الزيادة الطارئة على عدد اللاجئين فى العالم "نجمت عن الأوضاع غير المستقرة فى العراق، واحتلت باكستان قمة لائحة الدول المضيفة للاجئين تلتها سورية وإيران وألمانيا والأردن".

واضاف أن كولومبيا هى أكثر الدول التى تعانى من مشكلة المهجّرين داخلياً ووصل عدد المهجّرين فيها بنهاية العام الماضى إلى 3 ملايين شخص، تلاها العراق "4،2 مليون مهجّر"، ثم الكونغو "3،1 مليون مهجّر"، وأوغندا "2،1 مليون مهجّر"، والصومال "1 مليون مهجّر"، مشيراً إلى أن العدد الإجمالى للمهجّرين وصل إلى 7،13 مليون مهجّر فى 23 دولة.

وقال التقرير إن 647 ألف شخص قدموا طلبات لجوء إلى حكومات ومكاتب وكالة اللاجئين فى 154 بلداً خلال العام الماضي، وعزا الإرتفاع إلى تزايد عدد طالبى اللجوء السياسى العراقيين فى أوروبا.

ولاحظ التقرير أن العراقيين شكلوا أكبر عدد من طالبى اللجوء "52 ألفاً"، تلاهم الصوماليون "100ر46"، ثم الإرتيريين "36 ألفاً"، والكولومبيين "23 ألفاً"، والروس "21،800"، ثم الأثيوبيين "21،600" فاللاجئين من زيمبابوى "700ر20"، مشيراً إلى أن الولايات المتحدة استضافت اكبر عدد من هؤلاء تلتها جنوب أفريقيا ثم السويد وفرنسا والمملكة المتحدة وكندا واليونان".

وقال المفوض السامى لشؤون اللاجئين انطونيو غوتيراس لدى صدور التقرير عن أوضاع اللاجئين فى العالم "شهدنا فى العامين الماضيين ارتفاعاً حاداً فى عدد اللاجئين بعد أن شهد انخفاضاً خلال السنوات من 2001 إلى 2005، ونواجه الآن مزيجاً معقداً من التحديات الدولية يمكن أن تتسبب فى تفجير موجة نزوح جديدة فى المستقبل".

واوضح غوتيراس أن هذه التحديات تتراوح بين حالات طارئة متعددة مرتبطة بالأزمات فى مناطق التوتر فى العالم، والحكومات السيئة، والكوارث البيئية الناجمة عن التغيير المناخى وأثرها فى زيادة التنافس على المصادر النادرة، وفورة المواد الغذائية التى اضرت بالفقراء أكثر من غيرهم وهزت استقرار الكثير من المناطق فى العالم".

Petition sign and circulate:

Release Iraqi women hostages, victims of terrorism themselves

بعيدا عن الوطن؛ حراك التضامن مع الوطن فنا، شعرا وكتابةً
Away from Home; Memory, Art and women solidarity: you are invited to an evening of poetry and music 22/3/2017 18:30 at P21 Gallery London click here for more details
Public meeting at The Bolivar Hall, London Sat.14/5/2016 at 15:00 IDPs : Fragmentation of Cultural and National Identity


Protest the suffering of Iraqi Christians: No to terrorism No to state terrorism.Hands off our minorities. Hands off our people. Shame on the human rights violators on all sides. Assemble 11:30 on 28/7/14 near Parliament Square, near Westminister tube station London. For more past events click here


Useful links

Halt All Executions! Abolish The Death Penalty!

We women of Tadhamun condemn the persisting practice of arbitrary arrests by the Iraqi security forces. We condemn their arrests of women in lieu of their men folk. These are 'inherited' practices. We are alarmed by credible media reports of the Green Zone government’s intentions of executing hundreds of Iraqi men and women.

For more info click here

Professor Zaineb Al Bahrani of Columbia University NY speaking at a our meeting on the destruction/damage to historical sites in Iraq

On youtube: Part1
Part 3
One more video:

Human Rights Watch: No woman is Safe


Articles published on this site do not necessarily reflect the opinion of WSIUI or its members

المقالات المنشورة على هذا الموقع لا تعكس بالضرورة آراء منظمتنا أو أعضاء منظمتنا

Samarra Minrate built in 852 AD

Samarra Minrate built in 852 AD
Building of 1 500 massive police station !
From the angle of the photo, it is possible to calculate that the complex is being built at E 396388 N 3785995 (UTM Zone 38 North) or Lat. 34.209760° Long. 43.875325°, to the west of the Malwiya (Spiral Minaret), and behind the Spiral Cafe.
While the point itself may not have more than Abbasid houses under the ground, it is adjacent to the palace of Sur Isa, the remains of which can be seen in the photo. While the initial construction might or might not touch the palace, accompanying activities will certainly spread over it.Sur Isa can be identified with the palace of al-Burj, built by the
Abbasid Caliph al-Mutawakkil, probably in 852-3 (Northedge, Historical Topography of Samarra, pp 125-127, 240). The palace is said to have cost 33 million dirhams, and was luxurious. Details are given by al-Shabushti, Kitab al-Diyarat.
Samarra was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO at the end of June. The barracks could easily have been built elsewhere, off the archaeological site.--
Alastair Northedge Professeur d'Art et d'Archeologie Islamiques UFR d'Art et d'Archeologie
Universite de Paris I (Pantheon-Sorbonne) 3, rue Michelet, 75006 Paris
tel. 01 53 73 71 08 telecopie : 01 53 73 71 13 Email :
Alastair.Northedge@univ-paris1.fr ou anorthedge@wanadoo.fr