TADHAMUN تـضـامـن

Tadhamun (solidarity) is an Iraqi women organization, standing by Iraqi women's struggle against sectarian politics in Iraq. Fighting for equal citizenship across ethnicities and religions, for human rights, and gender equality.

جمعية تضامن تدعم المساواة في المواطنة بغض النظر عن الأنتماء الأثني أو الديني وتسعى من أجل العدالة الأجتماعية و حماية حقوق الأنسان في العراق
Petition sign and circulate:

Release Iraqi women hostages, victims of terrorism themselves

بعيدا عن الوطن؛ حراك التضامن مع الوطن فنا، شعرا وكتابةً
Away from Home; Memory, Art and women solidarity: you are invited to an evening of poetry and music 22/3/2017 18:30 at P21 Gallery London click here for more details
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Public meeting at The Bolivar Hall, London Sat.14/5/2016 at 15:00 IDPs : Fragmentation of Cultural and National Identity



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Protest the suffering of Iraqi Christians: No to terrorism No to state terrorism.Hands off our minorities. Hands off our people. Shame on the human rights violators on all sides. Assemble 11:30 on 28/7/14 near Parliament Square, near Westminister tube station London. For more past events click here

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Useful links






Halt All Executions! Abolish The Death Penalty!

We women of Tadhamun condemn the persisting practice of arbitrary arrests by the Iraqi security forces. We condemn their arrests of women in lieu of their men folk. These are 'inherited' practices. We are alarmed by credible media reports of the Green Zone government’s intentions of executing hundreds of Iraqi men and women.


For more info click here
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Professor Zaineb Al Bahrani of Columbia University NY speaking at a our meeting on the destruction/damage to historical sites in Iraq

On youtube: Part1
Part 3
Part4
One more video:



Human Rights Watch: No woman is Safe

Tuesday, July 17, 2007

108 Iraq experts call for oil law change

Published: July 17, 2007 at 3:32 PM
WASHINGTON, July 17 (UPI) -- More than 100 Iraqi oil, economic and legal experts sent a letter to Iraq's Parliament urging it to consider their critique of the draft oil law. A senior Iraqi government official was also given a copy and agreed with the technocrats' assessment. "With our conviction for the need of a law to organize the upstream sector and its development, and due to its extreme importance, we emphasize the importance of acting steadily," the letter states, "and not rushing its issuance before enriching it with more discussions and carry out amendments that ensure the interest of all the Iraqi people." The letter calls for a strong central government arm in maintaining and developing Iraq's vast oil and gas sector, though with the "participation of the regions and the governorates in the operations of planning, implementation and management within a comprehensive vision that ensures the maximum benefits for the whole people of Iraq." The oil law has been in negotiations since last summer. The Kurds claim the rights to strong regional control over their share of Iraq's 115 billion barrels of proven while others want a varied amount of central control. Also at issue is how the sector may be opened up to foreign, private investment. Iraq produces 2 million barrels per day, of which more than 75 percent are sent to the global market. The letter, signed by 108 experts, calls for the oil law to be put on hold until ongoing constitutional wrangling is completed. "There are ongoing discussions aiming to amend the Iraqi constitution, including the items relating to oil and gas," it states. "Hence we do not see, from the legal and technical point of view, the necessity to enact the law presented to you now before the constitutional amendments are finalized." The senior Iraqi official, speaking on condition of anonymity, called for a thorough examination of the law, especially as the U.S. benchmarks requiring the law's passage by September loom large. "I think it's a legitimate call," the official said. "This law is going to affect our lives; it's going to affect the lives of our children." -- Ben Lando, UPI Energy Correspondent.



The text of the letter:
THE PRESIDENT AND MEMBERS OF THE IRAQI COUNCIL OF REPRESENTATIVES


DURING THE LAST SIX MONTHS , THE PUBLIC OPINION , INCLUDING US ( OIL EXPERTS AND MEN OF LAW AND ECONOMICS ) WERE OCCUPIED WITH THE PROCEDURES AND EVENTS THAT ACCOMPANIED THE OIL AND GAS LAW ; MANY SYMPOSIUMS WERE HELD , THE MOST PROMINENT OF WHICH MAY BE THE SYMPOSIUM THAT WAS HELD BY THE OIL EXPERTS IN AMMAN ON 17/2/2007 WHICH PRODUCED A NUMBER OF COMMENTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS THAT WAS PRESENTED AT THE TIME TO YOUR COUNCIL .
AS EVERYBODY KNOWS , THE DRAFT OF THE LAW TOOK IT’S PATH TO THE STATE SHOURA COUNCIL , WHICH GRATEFULLY , AND IN A PROFFESIONAL WAY , REDRAFTED IT LINGUISTICALLY AS WELL AS SUGGESTING SOME IMPORTANT NOTES TO IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF PERFORMANCE , IMPLEMENATION AND TO ENSURE THE INTERSET OF ALL THE IRAQI PEOPLE , BUT IT DID NOT TACKLE SOME OTHER IMPORTANT ASPECTS .

THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS APPROVED ON 3/7/2007 THE DRAFT OF THE LAW AND REFERRED IT TO YOUR COUNCUIL FOR THE PURPOSE OF DISSCUSSING AND ENACTING . ALTHOUGH THE FINAL DRAFT WAS NOT PUBLISHED , BUT IT WAS NOTED FROM THE AVAILABLE INFORMATION , AS WELL AS FROM THE PROUNCEMENTS OF OFFICIALS OF THE CENTRAL GONVERNMENT AND THE KURDISTAN REGIONAL GOVRNMENT , THAT THERE ARE STILL DIFFERENCES CONCERNING THE FOUR ANNEXES , THAT WERE INCLUDED IN THE LAW , THAT CONTAINS THE CLASSIFICATION OF THE PRODUCING FIELDS AND THE DISCOVERED BUT NOT YET DEVELOPED FIELDS THAT ARE SITUATED NEAR THE PRODUCTION CENTRES , TO BE UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE NATIONAL OIL COMPANY THAT IS TO BE CREATED UNDER THE LAW ---- THESE DIFFERENCES RESULTED IN THE RECOMMENDATION THAT THESE ANNEXES TO BE DEFERRED LATER TO THE FEDERAL COUNCIL OF OIL AND GAS TO CONSIDER ; A MATTER WHICH , IN OUR OPINION , DOES NOT REMEDY THIS IMPORTANT ISSUE .

IT IS WORTH NOTING THAT THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS HAS LATELY REFERRED TO YOU THE DRAFT OF THE LAW OF DISTRIBUTION OF THE FINANCIAL RESOURCES , THROUGH WHICH AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE CLAIMS OF THE KURDISTAN REGION CAN BE HANDLED ; HENCE , AT THE PRESENT TIME , CONCENTRRATION MAY BE GIVEN TO THE DISSCUSSING OF THIS FINANCIAL LAW AND IN ISOLATION OF THE OIL AND GAS LAW .


PRESIDENT AND MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL

AFTER SEEING THE DRAFT OF THE OIL AND GAS LAW , THAT WAS REFFERRED TO YOU , WE NOTICED THAT IT DOES NOT DIFFER IN IT’S ESSENCE FROM THE FIRST DRAFT EXCEPT THE NOTICEABLE IMPROVEMENT IN THE LINGUISTS COMPOSITION . THE PRESENT DRAFT HAS IGNORED THE COMMENTS PRESENTED BY THE STATE SHOURA COUNCIL AS WELL AS ALL OTHER COMMENTS SUCH AS OUR COMMENTS THAT WE FORMULATED IN THE AMMAN SUYMPOSIUM , THE SYMPOSIUMS HELD BY THE OIL TRADE UNIONS AND THE NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISARTIONS , IN ADDITION TO MANY POLITICAL BLOCKS .

EMANATINGT FROM OUR FEELINGS OF THE EXTREME IMPORTANCE OF THE OIL AND GAS LAW TO THE PRESENT AND FUTURE OF OUR DEAR COUNTRY , WE AGAIN TURN TOWARDS YOU TO EXPEND YOUR UTMOST EFFORTS TOWARDS ENRICHING THE LAW WITH STUDYING AND CHECKING AND TO REMOVE AND REMEDY THE SOURCES OF FAULTS IN IT , SEEKING THE HELP OF EXPERT IRAQIS OF OPINIONS AND EXPERTISE .

ACCORDING TO THE ABOVE , WE WOULD LIKE TO EMPHASIZE TO YOUR COUNCIL THE FOLLOWING OBSERVATIONS :--

1 – WITH OUR CONVICTION FOR THE NEED OF A LAW TO ORGANISE THE UPSTREAM SECTOR AND IT’S DEVELOPMENT , AND DUE TO IT’S EXTREME IMPORTANCE , WE EMPHASIZE THE IMPORTANCE OF ACTING STEADILY AND NOT RUSHING IT’S ISSUANCE BEFORE ENRICHING IT WITH MORE DISSCUSSIONS AND CARRY OUT AMENDMENTS THAT ENSURE THE INTEREST OF ALL THE IRAQI PEOPLE , AND NOT TO IGNORE THE SECTOR OF THE PROCESSING INDUSTRIES ( REFINING , DISTRIBUTION AND GAS PROCESSING ) , WITH THE PRIORITY GIVEN FOR THE ENACTING OF THE IRAQ NATIONAL OIL COMPANY LAW .

2 – THERE ARE ONGOING DISSCUSSIONS AIMING TO AMEND THE IRAQI CONSTIUTUTION , INCLUDING THE ITEMS RELATED TO OIL AND GAS ; HENCE WE DO NOT SEE , FROM THE LEGAL AND TECHNICAL POINT OF VIEW , THE NECCESSITY TO ENACT THE LAW PRESENTED TO YOU NOW BEFORE THE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS ARE FINALIZED .

3 – LICENSING CONTRACTS OF EXPLORATION , DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION , FORM THE BACKBONE OF THIS LAW , HENCE IT IS VITAL TO EMPHASISE THE ROLE OF THE COUNCIL OF REPRESENTATIVES IN THE APPROVAL OF SUCH CONTRACTS ; SIMILAR TO WHAT IS ADOPTED IN THE REST OF THE WORLD . IT IS REGRETTABLE TO NOTICE THAT THE AUTHORITY OF THE COUNCIL IS RESTRICTED TO THE ENACTING OF THE LAW AND THE APPROVAL OF INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS ONLY .

4 – AS FOR THE FOUR ANNEXES ATTACHED TO THE LAW , THEY ARE OF VITAL IMPORTANCE AS WELL , SO WE EMPHASISE ON THE COUNCIL OF REPRESENTATIVES, THE NECESSITY TO DISCUSS THEM AS PART AND PARCEL OF THE PROPOSED LAW . WE EMPHASIZE ALSO UPON THE ROLE OF THE IRAQI NATIONAL OIL COMPANY FOR THE NECESSITY FOR IT TO UNDERTAKE THE RESPONSIBILYTY OF MANAGING ALL THE PRODUCING AND DISCOVERED FIELDS IN A FORM THAT WILL SAFEGUARD THE RIGHTS OF THE IRAQI PEOPLE COMPLETELY AND NOT TO FORESAKE ANY OF THE OIL RESERVES IN ANY CONTRACTUAL FORMAT TO FOREIGN ENTITIES .

5 – WE ASSERT THE IMPORTANCE AND NECESSITY TO ADOPT A COMPREHENSIVE CENTRAL PLAN FOR THE WHOLE OF IRAQ TO DETERMINE THE PRIORITIES OF EXPLORATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS ACCORDING TO ECONOMIC AND TECHNICAL BASIS PREVALENT IN THE OIL INDUSTRY ; RECOGNISING THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PARTICIPATION OF THE REGIONS AND THE GOVERNORATES IN THE OPERATIONS OF PLANNING , IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT WITHIN A COMPREHENSIVE VISION THAT ENSURES THE MAXIMUM BENEFITES FOR THE WHOLE PEOPLE OF IRAQ .

6 – THE PASSING OF THIS LAW WITHOUT PAYING ATTENTION TO THE EXPECTED IMPACTS OF COMPETTITIONS BETWEEN THE REGIONS AND THE GOVERNORATES , AND WHAT THAT WILL ENTAIL OF CONFLICTS , WILL DEFINETELY LEAD TO THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE SITUATION OF DIVISIONS , ANARCHY AND CHOAS ; THE BEST EXAMPLE OF THIS , THE LATEST UNILATERAL DECLARATION BY THE KURDISTAN REGIONAL GOVERNMENT OFFERING ( 40 ) EXPLORATION BLOCKS FOR FOREIGN INVESTMENT , WITHOUT EVEN WAITING FOR THE ENACTING OF THE FEDERAL LAW AND WITHOUT THE EXISTENCE OF A COMPREHENSIVE AND APPROVED CENTRAL PLAN FOR THE WHOLE OF IRAQ , INCLUDING THE KURDISTAN REGION .

LASTLY , WE CALL UPON THE PRESIDENT AND THE MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL TO TAKE A MEMORABLE HISTORICAL STAND THAT WILL BE REMEMBERED AND REGISTERED FOR THEM IN PROTRECTING THE INTERESTS OF THE WHOLE IRAQI PEOPLE AND IN DEFENDING THE RIGHTS OF IT’S SONS IN THEIR PRESENT AND FUTURE TIMES .

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Articles published on this site do not necessarily reflect the opinion of WSIUI or its members


المقالات المنشورة على هذا الموقع لا تعكس بالضرورة آراء منظمتنا أو أعضاء منظمتنا


Samarra Minrate built in 852 AD

Samarra Minrate built in 852 AD
Building of 1 500 massive police station !
From the angle of the photo, it is possible to calculate that the complex is being built at E 396388 N 3785995 (UTM Zone 38 North) or Lat. 34.209760° Long. 43.875325°, to the west of the Malwiya (Spiral Minaret), and behind the Spiral Cafe.
While the point itself may not have more than Abbasid houses under the ground, it is adjacent to the palace of Sur Isa, the remains of which can be seen in the photo. While the initial construction might or might not touch the palace, accompanying activities will certainly spread over it.Sur Isa can be identified with the palace of al-Burj, built by the
Abbasid Caliph al-Mutawakkil, probably in 852-3 (Northedge, Historical Topography of Samarra, pp 125-127, 240). The palace is said to have cost 33 million dirhams, and was luxurious. Details are given by al-Shabushti, Kitab al-Diyarat.
Samarra was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO at the end of June. The barracks could easily have been built elsewhere, off the archaeological site.--
Alastair Northedge Professeur d'Art et d'Archeologie Islamiques UFR d'Art et d'Archeologie
Universite de Paris I (Pantheon-Sorbonne) 3, rue Michelet, 75006 Paris
tel. 01 53 73 71 08 telecopie : 01 53 73 71 13 Email :
Alastair.Northedge@univ-paris1.fr ou anorthedge@wanadoo.fr